Kyrgyzstan  Himno presione aqui.
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Map of Kyrgyzstan 

País (nombre oficial) República de Kirguistán
Capital Bishkek
Superficie 76.641 millas2
198.500 km2
(casi la superficie de Dakota del Sur)
Población 4.753.003 (est. julio 2001)
Población estimada
en el año 2050
Lenguas Kirghiz (Kyrgyz), Ruso (ambas son lenguas oficiales)
Alfabetismo 97,0% total; 99,0% hombres; 96% mujeres (est. 1989)
Religiones Musulmanes 75%, Ortodoxos Rusos 20%, otras 5%
Expectativa de vida Hombres: 59,2 años; mujeres: 67,94 años (est. 2001)
Gobierno República
Moneda 1 Som (KGS) = 100 tyiyn
Producto nacional bruto (per cápita) $2.700 (est. 2000)
Industria Maquinaria liviana, telas y tejidos, industria de alimentos, cemento, calzado, madera aserrada, refrigeradoras, muebles, motores eléctricos, oro, metalurgias
Agricultura Tabaco, algodón, patatas, verduras, uvas, frutas y bayas, ovejas, cabras, ganado vacuno, lana
Tierras de Labrantío 7%
Minerales y Recursos Poderío hidroeléctrico, oro, metales raros, reservas de carbón, petróleo, gas natural, tambien nefelina, mercurio, bismuto, plomo, y cinc

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAYEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIYEV. The political opposition organized demonstrations in Bishkek in April, May, and November 2006 resulting in the adoption of a new constitution that transferred some of the president's powers to parliament and the government. In December 2006, the Kyrgyz parliament voted to adopt new amendments, restoring some of the presidential powers lost in the November 2006 constitutional change. By late-September 2007, both previous versions of the constitution were declared illegal, and the country reverted to the AKAYEV-era 2003 constitution, which was subsequently modified in a flawed referendum initiated by BAKIYEV. The president then dissolved parliament, called for early elections, and gained control of the new parliament through his newly-created political party, Ak Jol, in December 2007 elections. Current concerns include: privatization of state-owned enterprises, negative trends in democracy and political freedoms, reduction of corruption, improving interethnic relations, and combating terrorism.

Central Asia, west of China
Geographic coordinates:
41 00 N, 75 00 E

Country name:
conventional long form: Kyrgyz Republic
conventional short form: Kyrgyzstan
local long form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy
local short form: Kyrgyzstan
former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
Government type:
name: Bishkek
geographic coordinates: 42 52 N, 74 36 E
time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
7 provinces (oblastlar, singular - oblasty) and 1 city* (shaar); Batken Oblasty, Bishkek Shaary*, Chuy Oblasty (Bishkek), Jalal-Abad Oblasty, Naryn Oblasty, Osh Oblasty, Talas Oblasty, Ysyk-Kol Oblasty (Karakol)
note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)
31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

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